Working Terriers

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Working Terrier Underground

Breed Notes - Constant Update





Border Terrier's were bred in the Cheviot Hills. They take their name from the Border Hunt and the Robson clan who were responsible for their development and usage.

Plus getting them Kennel Club registration and writing the breed standard. They are by nature an earthdog but the reality is that they are extremely versatile and in the right hands can work above and below ground.

They were bred with legs long enough to follow a horse. The mounted hunt that evolved after the "Enclosure Act" and the gentleman's pursuit of the country fox. They had to be a handy size to enter an earth and good natured enough to work with a pack of Foxhounds. Their job was to bay or to bolt foxes, badgers and other vermin.

Happy dogs who will sleep on the bed or enter the earth, they are versatile and now more are appearing on the beating line and used for stalking. They are nose dogs. It is their job to find the quarry. To bay and attract attention or get stuck in and bolt the earth stopped animal. They are obedient when given tasks and can be wayward if on a scent but given work they do come back to you! They are super blood tracking dogs and very good at beating in the bushes. They love a good chase and this is where the legs long enough to follow a horse help.

I start my dogs off tunnel training as whelping puppies and into an individual den at 2 months. Giving the pups some scent of a frozen quarry. Or some blood. What ever is available. By 6 moths they are mentor trained and ready for some ground work. They are pack animals by being canis. Working in a pack has pro's and con's. It can lead to a dog that does not like to work alone and might not enter a den without encouragement. But working in a pack is the best mentor training anyone can offer. If lucky enough to be retained and mentored by their direct parents it is sure to be a working success. Nose work can start off in a scent garden. When confident off leash, then in the woods and hedgerows.

Depending on where you are and what is available some pest control of all varieties is a great way to work your dog. If you can obtain gun accreditation, even better. Membership to Fell and Moorland Club helps for earthwork. BACS or cheaper is SACS for beating line work.

My dogs work all year and get thrown into the show ring. Plus they get continental working certificates in gun accreditation, fox, badger, wild boar, hares and small game such as roe/buck/chevreauil.

My pups get their first outing at six months. Something that has a good scent. Can be pushed out of the brambles and given a good pursuit. Something that would weigh their accumulated body weight and can later be butchered for their kitchen. Their fist challenge was a young male roe that appeared to them out of the brambles. They entered the brambles as they had picked up the scent.

The young male took pursuit. Despite their tender age and inexperience the three, six month old puppies, put up a good pursuit. Did also make some use of voice when they were not breathing in excitement. The young male put up a good challenge. He was brought down a few times but got away. That was good training for the pups. They were out with their mother and a 2nd uncle.

They were in luck on their first full hunt and did pull the young male down. He did put up a good fight and although he did kick out, his horns were very small and could not inflict damage. At this point I state that if we go out for wild boar, all the dogs are jacketed in kevlar.

The pups had a great introduction to a full hunt and even got to go into the dispatch. No guns were used. Not necessary. Despite their size, Border Terriers are ferocious. Their big teeth and natural hunt talent tells them to jugulate. Once down and dispatched the dogs need pulling off. The fur and any other bacteria will make the dogs unwell. The meat is butchered whilst warm and then cooked. Bravo puppies you got your own dinner!

Charmaine A S Khatchikian Jrasamuyr Border Terriers Earthdog Jrasamuyr Border Terrier

Badger Hunting Tests CACT-B Ukraine

The dogs were invited to compete in an international earthdog event in the Ukraine.

Although we hunt badger in a team “equipage,” which is legal pest control. We had never competed in a title.
The dogs for the last 3 seasons have been lucky enough to hunt badger underground legally, so I decided it would be a challenge to also obtain a title,
We managed to gain 1st place and 3rd place with brother and sister team, CH Jrasamuyr Campbell Black MFH CACT-WB and Jrasamuyr By Markham MFH CACT-WB.

The terriers were comprised of Border Terrier, Welsh Terrier and German JagD Terrier.

The name “badger” comes from the 16th century word “bageard.” Originally, the name referred to the European badger, which is the animal that features a white mark on its forehead. Bauson is an outdated name for the animal. Brock is another old name for the animal species, but it’s hardly ever used.

The event was held in the Sokil region of Rivne in a nature park called Kompleks "Sokil"Комплекс "Сокіл". It was a great place with a super hotel and several parks containing deer, wild boar, badger.

The day of the badger tests was thankfully cool. But giant sized mosquitoes were attacking anything that moved, including through your clothes.
There was no air and a scent was not going to carry. The ground looked very dry and dusty. There had been some rain over night but it had made no impression. Scent was not going to be profound. The dogs only had 2 minutes to find the badger. That is not a great period of time in a park of 1 hectare. One judge from the Ukraine and one catcher,

I had stayed away from the yapping of the other dogs as I did not want my dogs to expend their adrenalin. I knew 2 minutes was very tight and too much scent laid from other dogs was also going to be a deterrent.

The terriers followed on from the teckels and there was nothing I could do to change that, The teckels were predominant. I kept each dog caged whilst one dog was released.

I let my male dog off first, as he has a very keen nose, and if he over worked the badger then the others had an easier job,It worked. He immediately set off and ran his course. He never lets me down. He soon found the badger and got to work. He bolted the badger very quickly and he was left to move the badger himself. He put up a great hunt and would be considered respectable by any professional hunter. His voice was very good and his enthusiasm was consistent. He showed no fear and had great persistence. The catcher was then called in after quite a considerable time. I think the judge was content to see him move the badger. He was given top prize and I was very pleased with his work.

His sister followed him. She has a feminine squeaky voice and it is quite amusing to listen to her. But, she too found the badger inside the time limit. He brother had slowed the badger down for her. That was good as she had an injury two years ago and I like to preserve her energy. She was very happy and put up a very good voice and her persistent hunt was rewarded with 3rd place. She showed no fear and gave a very good performance in hunting skills. Her voice was persistent and her enthusiasm was rewarded. Both dogs had such a good day. It is a pleasure to see terriers excel in what they were bred for. They quite happily pursue the hunt but come home and relax. The male I thought might get penalised for hunting discipline as he was not quick on the recall. But he did not lose points. His sister is very obedient and I was very happy with the results of the day.

This was our second trip to the Ukraine. It is a country that has extensive natural parks. They are very keen on hunting their dogs and the cinofile and FCI grant licenses to hold the events.

We abided by Covid19 restrictions. I would recommend anyone to visit the Ukraine with their dogs. They are very welcoming people and the dogs are treated like royalty. It is their weekend.

Earthdog Jrasamuyr Border Terriers.

Charmaine Khatchikian

Ukraine – fox tests with Border Terriers. CACIT FCI
Charmaine A S Khatchikian-Jrasamuyr Earthdog Border Terriers(Photos by Jrasamuyr Borderterriers)

I had travelled to the Czech Republic and Slovakia but never to the Ukraine. I decided to embark on a trip with my pack of Border Terriers. All my dogs hunt under ground and over ground. Large game and small. I also maintain credentials on my dogs and put them in national and international hunting tests of fox and wild boar. The trip to the Ukraine took a bit of planning. I got as far as Hungary and had to cross a complicated border into the Ukraine. I failed twice. Chatting to some vets, setting off for a conference, they told me the name of a hotel in the area. Lucky the guy  on reception had lived in Culpeper, Virginia, and spoke English. My car did not have the green piece of paper printed on green paper to get it out of Hungary and in the Ukraine. So two days were lost, but I was well ahead of my timing. I tried twice to get myself out of Hungary but failed. I relented and the guy on reception contacted a Ukraine man living in Hungary and he was paid to take my 6 dogs across the border to the hotel. It was a big squash as I had to take the kennels as once at the location I had too many dogs and needed to kennel whilst attending to another dog. Plus I was going to be disadvantaged not having the car to hook up dogs or get from the hotel to the CACIT location. I had had right knee surgery only a month before and no one could have described to me the agony I was going to be in. But in good faith of my dogs, I still set off on crutches,

The event was organised by the Ukraine JagD Terrier Club. Somehow we made it and were deposited unceremoniously at the hotel with all the kennels and my crutches. I had no idea where the event was or how I was going to get there. It was the best 150 euros ever spent. The roads in the Ukraine were worse than in India. The driver complained bitterly about the Ukraine.I was looking forward to seeing the famous black foxes. I was not disappointed. The event was

After the event the foxes were sold off for 20 euros each or a pair for 30 euros. I did not even contemplate trying to get them across the border. I would have had no car interior with my dogs and I would have probably had a new experience. Jail.

The FCI CACIT tests are very hard. Your dog might be a very good hunter at their own speed. But this event is quite simple. Contact or bolt. Contact in given location of under the jugular to drag the fox out. There are always 3 judges. The event forbids photos and the den is held in a closed pit where a spectator gather is normal. It is very well supported across the European Union and borders.

I did not take into account another 2 hour time change. After my stressful arrival I heard shuffling outside and dogs barking very early morning. So I made a quick move. The event organiser was aware of my travel dilemma as he had been google translating since my failed attempt to exit from Hungary. There had been proposals to get me out at varying price ranges. I had some Spanish friends who had driven over but their car was overloaded with kennels and dogs. Someone got me to the event with my kennels and then I arranged a lift back. I had taken a garden chair with me. But I could not have anticipated my agony. Food was laid on and euros were the currency. I had managed to transport my ice food box, so the dogs were catered for and I had some Italian prosecco and panetone cakes.

The event was truly international. It was a great weekend and I hope to go again in 2022 when they have the license to run again. CACIT are complicated and require local licenses and FCI licenses.

The event was truly international. It was a great weekend and I hope to go again in 2022 when they have the license to run again. CACIT are complicated and require local licenses and FCI licenses.What motivates people to drive vast distances at huge cost? Well the CACIT certificate is a coveted title. We have it.

Your dog has to have contact or bolt. Simple. But contact in the correct place. The test is run at a furious pace as the dogs are hyped up. They can hear all the other dogs yapping and the smells are super. Dog fox. The event was set in a small animal park and a centre for the Ukraine JagD terrier club. There had been a working tekel event at the same location the week before. I had news that an Italian friend had had a similar experience to me trying to exit Hungary to Ukraine. He had parted with some cash to get his truck of working tekels in. I did not propose that on my two failed attempts.

There was plenty surrounding parkland to exercise the dogs and a small lake. The food was a big outdoor kitchen with constant fresh food being prepared. There were plenty places to tie up the dogs so the kennels were not imperative.

The majority of dogs were German hunting terriers. This was there club. But from the Czech Republic came a Patterdale, which could run untitled. A couple of Parson Russell Terriers. A Czech Border Terrier and my Kennel Club Border Terriers. A team of Fox Terriers from Moldavia. They got a license to run a CACIT event but we did not make it there unfortunately some subsequent months later.

The awards are a national CACT and an International FCI CACIT title.

Dogs have to take correct hold of the fox to gain 100 points. Dogs do get bitten and the fox will retaliate. These are not home bred foxes. They are dug out of the ground and they are mean.
Beautiful but mean. You can drive a long way and be very disappointed. Your dog might hunt in the earth or over the ground. But put under pressure of time and they can go to pieces. You must love your dog all the same. To gain a CACIT is a pleasure and a very proud moment.

Out of 100 would be contenders, 19 gained CACT and CACIT. Competitors came from Czech Republic, Serbia, Spain, Moldavia, Romania, Italy. A group of many Italians that I knew quite well.

An event that is well received and greatly recommended. Dogs need to have some experience of entering dens before considering this event. It is not for novice dogs. You cannot do your training at this event although it is good training for your dog.

Working or Sporting terrier?
Charmaine A S Khatchikian- Jrasamuyr Border Terriers.(Photos by Jrasamuyr Borderterriers)

Captain Jocelyn Lucas notes in Hunt and Working Terriers (1931): "Working terriers means, in sporting parlance, a terrier that will go to ground on fox, badger, or otter, and not merely a dog that will kill rats or hunt out rabbits."
In short, dirt work and underground.
Brian Plummer, who wrote several books about ratting with terriers, agreed, using the name "sporting terrier" to distinguish his ratting dogs from those facing tougher game underground. Response by a reader "In a hunting forum, I met a guy who said underground work was easier for the dogs because they don't even have to touch the quarry, just get into a hole and bark from a safe distance. The work of the owner, who has to dig them out, is more demanding than that, he said. I think that is rather unfair, since working terriers often get severely bitten by foxes and badgers and groundhogs and such, or have to deal with tunnel collapses and so on, a danger ratting dogs don't usually have to worry about. " I agree as an earthdog mother of Border Terriers.
Here's a simple test: If you don't own a locator collar, a serious shovel, a digging bar, and a root saw — and you haven't used them at least a dozen times digging on your dog underground — you don't have a working terrier.
A working terrier is a small type of dog which pursues its quarry into the earth. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the name dates back to at least 1440, derived from French chien terrier 'digging dog', from Medieval Latin terrarius, ultimately from Latin terra (earth).
The primary criterion of a working terrier is that it has an owner or keeper who works it. A terrier is not a working terrier by virtue of its breeding alone. The second most important quality of a working terrier is small chest size. Though the chest size of the working terrier that can be used in any given situation may rise or fall depending on the size of the den pipe, smaller dogs generally do as well as or better than larger dogs. The reason for this is rather simple: a small dog can get to the quarry without having to dig, and arrives at the quarry without fatigue.
If a dog is too large, he will not be able to get past turns in the tunnel, and will have to be dug to every few feet. If a dog has to dig to the quarry when the tunnel tightens down (as it invariably will), the dog will have to push dirt behind it to progress, which can result in the dog being "bottled" by dirt from behind. In such a situation the dog will have a very difficult time getting out on its own if it cannot turn around.
With two animals underground (dog and quarry), it is essential that a flow of air be maintained to avoid asphyxiation. The tighter a dog is in the pipe, the more the air flow will be constricted. In addition, a small dog has better manoeuvrability and can more easily avoid being bitten. Because of this, small dogs often receive less injury underground than larger dogs, which are more likely to find themselves jammed in a den pipe, face to face with the quarry, and unable to move forward or backward.
Other important requirements of a working terrier are an essential gameness, a good nose, and an ability to problem solve in order to avoid coming to harm underground

Fox Hunting with Border Terriers-Boxing Day, 26 December
(UK bank holiday)

Charmaine A S Khatchikian- Jrasamuyr Border Terriers.(Photos by Jrasamuyr Borderterriers)

Jrasamuyr Border Terriers

It is believed that the custom for a fox to be tracked by trained hunting hounds, scent hounds, and followed by the Master of Foxhounds with a team on foot and horseback, dates to 1534 when a Norfolk farmer attempted to catch a fox using farm dogs.

In 1753 the 18 year old, Hugo Meynell, often called the father of modern fox hunting, began to breed hunting dogs for their speed and stamina. They had a keen scent. He breed them at Quorndon Hall, his estate in North Leicestershire. The speed of his pack allowed for a more exciting and extended hunt.

Fox hunting did not develop into the form we know today until the 18th century when the decline in the deer population resulted  in the end of deer stalking. The fox hunting carried out was a form of pest and vermin control by farmers to protect livestock. It then became a sport as we know it today as a result of the Enclosure Acts 1750-1860, and the Consolidation Act 1801. The Industrial Revolution also contributed. One cutting off the breeding land for the deer to procreate. The other making roads and paved passage attainable to city folk who aspired to be a country gentleman. The oldest hunt dates 1668, the Bilsdale Hunt, in Yorkshire and was established by George Villiers, the Duke of Buckingham. 

In France. Italy, Germany, Scandinavia, East Europe, Russia, and most of Europe, fox hunting is still strong. In Northern Ireland hunting is still permitted. The result of the Hunting Act 2004 saw the outlawing of fox hunting with dogs and guidelines were issued. Despite the bans the Master of Foxhounds Association has seen an increase with 176 packs in England/Wales plus 10 in Scotland. 

Jrasamuyr Border Terriers

Boxing Day is a bank holiday in the UK and commonwealth. But in Europe it is the Feast of Saint Stephen. The patron saint martyr of horses. English Boxing day was a day to give to the poor or give the servants a day off. The feast of Saint Stephen relates to the story of his horse having an ailment and Christ curing it. Horses were then decorated and paraded and taken to the church for blessing. In old Germany they were sacrificed. Some countries baked bread in a horse shoe shape.
Britain has the day as an important day for hunting and the horse racing calendar.

2020, a small number of Boxing Day hunts went ahead despite the tradition being cancelled across the UK due to Covid19. Conservatives exempted them from restrictions outside Tier 4.

The Hunting Act 2004 (c 37) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which bans the hunting of wild mammals (notably foxes, deer, hares and mink) with dogs in England and Wales; the Act does not cover the use of dogs in the process of flushing out an unidentified wild mammal. The Act came into force on 18 February 2005. The pursuit of foxes with hounds, other than to flush out to be shot is part of the act.

Boxing Day Hunt near Husthwaite, North Yorkshire (Danny Lawson/PA)

Border Terriers make good foot hunting dogs and will pursue a scent. Taken out with Hounds or scent hounds they will flush and make tongue. My dogs work happily above ground and have good stamina. Fearless of water they will make a crossing to follow a line. Working as a pack they have the ability to work to gun and my only fear is traffic. Always protected by kevlar jackets, which alerts the gun man, and also gives a driver a chance if they pursue crossing a road. A shot was taken of a fox bolting across the road but too low. All the dogs gave pursuit. Happy to run into cover and take a line they spent an enjoyable day in thick undergrowth. Only taking a change of ground to cross some water or run across newly seeded ground. Working three dogs on a hunt can be nerve wrecking. The males are more obedient. Working two dogs together is much easier but as the hunt comprised of only about a dozen I decided to let three go off leash to work.  The dogs are kept fit working around horses and their nose work is good. Practising blood tracking for finding injured animals is essential. Fresh blood that is up to 48 hours is not usually a problem. Always good natured to work with Hounds, or other tracking dogs that they have not met, is important, Working as a pack the dogs are happy. This is very natural to them and although an average person fears releasing their dog, when they work in a pair or a pack they usually do come back. Some element of trust needs to be built up before you ever consider releasing your dog for hunting. Border Terriers can be very obedient dogs. Always tempted by a scent or the sight of a wild animal, they should have the trust to return. My dogs took pursuit after a large hare. Always a great sight. But of course out of their speed league. They all took off but came back to a strong recall. I keep my dogs hunting all year. I specialise in this activity and take pride in being invited to bring my Border Terriers. They are a good mascot for how the breed should be. Border Terriers are very versatile. They can take on  new challenges and this helps in being obedient. If you stretch their brain they will be happy.

Jrasamuyr Border Terriers

Border Terrier beating line – diary of working Border Terriers (large game)

Charmaine AS Khatchikian - Earthdog Jrasamuyr Border Terriers.(Photos by Jrasamuyr Borderterriers)

Our join up went according to plan and I met up with my 3 Border Terriers and the working teckel member. Fresh chocolate croissants were handed out and we set off for the club house to make the draw teams.

The group made up of about 30 people and we had been given permission to hunt wild boar and deer.  Foxes were also target. The draw positions were made and no free standing look outs were being used. All the shooters would be at ground level. 

The day was kind and a light wind was going to carry a good scent. The ground was damp enough to hold a scent. We set off and the dogs were released immediately into the forest to take up a line.

I had tried to improvise the kevlar jackets, as the armholes were causing bruising. In effect I was trying to make brushing boots. I stitched on a pair of socks and cut the toes off. It did not work but I noticed that the jumping the dogs had to engage in to get over the brambles, the intention just needed an improvement,

The beating teams were made up of 3 Border Terriers, 6 working Teckels and one cross Beagle, The trumpets were sounding and very quickly a deer shot into sight, The dogs took off and on the ground a shooter took a positive aim. A large hare ran across our sights but was way too fast for the dogs. They put in a furious pursuit, There was a lot of scent of wild boar but no sightings.

The terriers and teckels worked well together. It is rewarding that dogs who have never met each other before can work together and pack themselves without any problems. My dogs are happy to move off in a pack and have good recall back to me. They all wear a GPS tracking device so there is less stress. My dogs are well behaved and will go off scenting or team up with the other pack. They are not afraid to move off with a shooter. They have got pistol accreditation. 

I can feel confident that I will not loose my dogs and even though I lose sight of them, they do at some point come back to me for a reassurance. They work well and I consider myself lucky to get out under Covid19 rules as this is administrative work. All quarry is logged and tagged. 

The target today was deer, This is controlled hunting. Animals starve and culling is to ensure there is enough vegetation for the wild life.

There is competition with the wild boar. They tend to devastate land and move at night. The ground will soon be ploughed over and frost will attack the land. Food sources become meagre. 

Deer hunting and culling is evident in the UK, EU and USA. Deer have always been revered and their antlers have their own story,

CH Jrasamuyr Violette Szabo CACT and CH Jrasamuyr Campbell Black MFH have to be leashed. My dogs can pull a chevreuil down and this photo is the result of one straying into sight,

Caught by CH Stonechester Question Von Jrasamuyr MFH, CH Jrasamuyr Violette Szabo CACT and Jrasamuyr By Markham MFH. Not the first or the last. Butchered and feed for the dogs. Not really good enough for human consumption,

Whitehead's Encyclopedia of Deer ISBN 1 85310 362 4

Royal - A 12 pointed stags head with all its RIGHTS (BROW, BAY and TRAY) and three points on top in the form of a cup or crown, which technically should be large enough to hold a glass of wine, is a true royal.
Occasionally, in the past it would appear that a head of ten points (5+5) was also refered to as a royal, whilst a double royal denoted 20 points and a triple royal 30 points.
The royal tine was also referred to as the fifth point of a deers horn.

Imperial - A name sometimes given to a Red Deer head of 14 points - but there seem to be no justification for it. see also Monarch.

Monarch - A term sometimes used - but without any justification - to describe a 14 pointer

Brow - The lower or first tine above the coronet.

Bay - The second tine of a deer's antler, used mainly for those of the genus Cervus. Also spelt BEAS, BEZ, BIZ-ANTLER.

Tray - The third tine or point of an antler. Also spelt TREY or TREZ 

Caught by CH Stonechester Question Von Jrasamuyr MFH, CH Jrasamuyr Violette Szabo CACT and Jrasamuyr By Markham MFH.

The day went well and a couple of deer were taken. They were tagged and removed to the carcass facility. We warmed up with a Covid19 face masks and a small fire accompanied by a glass of wine and kept our distances. Everything is very strict. I am appreciative to get out and I consider my dogs very lucky.

BORDER TERRIER Beating line – wild boar (large game)(Photos by Jrasamuyr Borderterriers)

Charmaine A S Khatchikian - Earthdog Jrasamuyr Border Terriers

Border Terriers can work in stalking or driven hunts. Stalking is usually from June until October, but sometimes winter also. Driven hunts usually take place from November until February but can be earlier or later. Currently everything is stringent and last minute.

Wild boars have been hunted for their meat since the beginning of mankind. There should always be a hunting horn honour of salute for any quarry taken. Boars are able to hide and escape. They are capable of entering water and covering themselves. Therefore making their good, but light scent impossible. They are notorious for damaging grazing and arable land.

“La battue” is perfect in a landscape made up of cereal fields, forests comprising of oak, beech, aspen, pine, chestnut. The usual ground covering of thick fern, young trees, brambles, holly, brooms.

Setting off in a totally frozen forest, with slippery ground and frozen embankments, I opted to wear horse riding leather chaps. More John Wayne, than cover for Shooting Times, Harris tweed.

All my Border Terriers have wild boar experience and certification CACT. These beasts usually put up a fast straight line pursuit, rather than a fight. 

CH Jrasamuyr Codex and CH Jrasamuyr Violette Szabo Setting off in a group hunt, which is a driven hunt. Made up of short range dogs. Including my Border Terriers, working Teckel, Hounds, oversized Fox Terrier.

Although a group hunt aims at being a silent driven hunt, beaters aiming to push the quarry out into the shooting lines, it is not. It is in reality a noisy beat where a mixture of terriers, teckels and Hounds work together. Picking up a free line with the Hounds making a conflict of noise and hopefully not chasing the wild boar away before the hunt even begins.

Beaters set off and the dogs are released immediately. Working their way through the brambles. My Border Terriers have very good quality coats and do not suffer. Only stopping to untangle themselves. The ground was difficult to negotiate and the early morning ice was cold and slippery. My legs were well covered and I pushed through the bush myself. Free of my dogs, only making contact with them when they came to check on me. 

I sighted one wild boar over to my right and down a slope. The hunting horn was sounded. The group was made up of shooters on the ground and in elevated posts. All positions were taken by the obligatory draw positions. Some shooters were on foot and beating. Wild boars are shot at short range by rifles. We pursued in the direction where I had sighted a wild boar.

It is common at this point to leash the dogs so that they give good voice. If an interesting “foot” is found the dogs will give a good voice. They did not. So the dogs were released again on a free line so the guns were silent to pick up the dogs baying and also their bells.

The trick here is not to switch quarry but to pursue the sighted wild boar. If the quarry is switched then the horn sounds the “Rosalie”, meaning missed retreat.

The boar with its endurance managed to put distance between himself and the dogs. Probably crossing some water as there were many channels.



The dogs took off on a free line and pushed anything they picked up a scent of out into the passing lines. A wild boar was taken.

Sometimes the dogs are used on “cold” tracks where a quarry has been shot but wounded. The animal may have been dead for some time so good nose work is helpful. Arriving at the wounded animal the dog is expected to bay or bark to attract attention. These “cold” tracks are helped by blood traces.

I train my dogs to track blood. It is all very helpful and puts a good day together. It is not difficult to get hold of 12 hour old blood. The dogs enjoy themselves and a foot is usually the reward at the end of it.

Wild boar meat is healthy and does not contain much fat. The dogs love it and I was rewarded with a chunk,



Background to wild boar in the UK

The wild boar is an omnivorous mainly nocturnal animal closely related to the domestic pig. It was exterminated from the British Isles in medieval times. Wild boars were imported from the Continent for meat farming in the 1980s, and escaped animals established themselves in the wild in the early 1990s. On the Continent, wild boar cause significant damage to agriculture, and act as reservoirs for swine fever and other porcine diseases. The wild boar can be shot all year round, provided that it is listed on the fire-arms certificate. 

There are several confirmed breeding populations of wild boar in the UK. In England they are established on the Kent/East Sussex border, in Dorset, in Devon and in Gloucestershire (Forest of Dean). Animals from the latter site have crossed into Wales and become established in Monmouthshire. Wild boars have also been seen in many other UK counties, though without proof of reproduction.

Conservation status and legislation Status: UK: Feral

Legislation:Dangerous Wild Animals Act 1976
Wildlife & Countryside Act 1981, Schedule 9

Border Terrier Beating Line Diary(Photos by Jrasamuyr Borderterriers)
Jrasamuyr Border Terriers (large game)

My 3 Border Terriers missed their early morning RDV due to gps malfunction. I got out the 3 Border Terriers and walked them in my Covid19, mask around a small village church car park. I had to wait for the draw positions to be made and the teams to be allocated. Although a hunting club has  a given a name of a specific village, its compilation, is that it of several small hamlets, a lot of hectares of hunting land, plus the necessary club house, slaughter facility and deep freezers. We did not get to see it until mid-afternoon.

Join up comprised of 3 Border Terriers, and 6 working Teckel. We moved off on a seeded field of grass. We did not release any of the dogs. The weather was kind and it proved to be a day of of a lot of laughs. A lot of ground was covered. Scrambling up and down many embankments which produced a team spirit as I was unable to hurl myself up the embankments,

The trumpets sounded and the release was to the tune of deer. All the dogs were released into the forest. The dogs took up a free line in the forest and it then came out onto arable land. All of the dogs have some experience and would advance and then be in sight. They are kept under control and our dogs were the only ones working on the beating line. Crossing the arable land was arduous as the ground was heavy. The shooters were not in elevation. A small field comprised of some dozen hunters. No elevated look outs were used today. Everyone was on foot. We meet with one of the shooters. One of my dogs took off some 700 metres in pursuit. A shooter took down a male.

Released into the forest to the tune of the trumpet calling for deer. CH Jrasamuyr Campbell Black

Crossing the arable land in vision of some 700metres, CH Jrasamuyr Codex

A good recall is needed. The dogs all wear tracking devices but there is always a horrid risk of traffic. The arable field did border a road and we waited in anticipation to retrieve our dogs. There is always a risk. High visibility kevlar jackets are helpful.

The hunters are always aware of which dogs are out beating. That is why the early morning RDV is quite important. We did not make it, but we were out beating with the president of the gun club so I was not unknown,

We regrouped the dogs and set off into another forest. We had to tackle a lot of barb wire. The dogs were picked up and lifted over on some occasions. There were also some embankments to negotiate. They were difficult. Not being as agile as the dogs, I needed some help. I have never laughed so much in one day out with my dogs, I gave up on some of them and  just slid down on my derrière. I had a driazabone Australian  stockman's coat on so it made a good slide,

A chance to take a view of the hunt. CH Jrasamuyr Violette Szabo and CH Jrasamuyr Codex

The forest was thick and not easy to negotiate. The dogs were fine. Taking off on their own free line.  We waited to hear the trumpet calls. This time for fox. The dogs all took off in pursuit. The beating line was successful. A fox had been taken down. There had been a call about a predatory fox. All game is logged and marked into a book,

The dogs were put back on their leashes and the fox was removed. You never know if there is any disease.

In the afternoon draw positions were called and we set off this time for wild boar,

The beating line now comprised of some hunting hounds. The forest was extremely difficult to negotiate. The group was much larger. Some 30 head of hunter. We were now about 10 dogs on the beating line. The hounds putting up a lot of voice. The terriers diving deep into the bush and loving every minute. There was plenty scent and tracks. The ground was very good and the dogs took up their own lines. The trumpets called for wild boar,

There were wild boar in sight. It was a very exciting afternoon. The dogs were out of their minds in ecstasy. So much activity in one day. All pain and exhaustion forgotten. They too had had a lunch break. Soup and complete meal, A health check inspection with some cleaning up using Betadine and spirit alcohol,

CH Jrasamuyr Campbell Black takes a line on a scent of wild boar

Wild boar taken neatly, with CH Jrasamuyr Violette Szabo and CH Jrasamuyr Campbell Black getting their own reward .

A good day with a 22kg female deer. A 60kg male wild boar. The dogs took a dip in the river to cool off,

Covid 19 has now put a stop to hunting. I have been horrified to see photos on social media of people out sport hunting. Not wearing masks or any protection. Under Covid19 rules we all wear gloves, have no interaction and wear masks. It is sickening that people do not take this seriously.


TERRIERS AND TECKELS ON THE BEATING LINE(Photos by Jrasamuyr Borderterriers)

Team Terrier and Teckel – the perfect combination of workers on the beating line (large game) fox, wild boar, deer.

Border Terriers were bred over 100 years ago to track fox, badger, otter and vermin. They have the right conformation and the brain to track these animals relentlessly. This persistence to follow their prey underground and back up again makes them ideal. Their instinct and tenacity makes the Border Terrier the perfect hunting and tracking companion.

Originally the Border Terrier was referred to as the Coquetdale Terrier or Redesdale Terrier from the area in which it evolved, but by the late 1800s it was generally known as the Border Terrier, probably because of its long history with the Border Hunt in Northumberland. Their original purpose was to bolt foxes which had gone to ground. They were also used to kill rodents, but they have been used to hunt otters and badgers too.

The working  Teckel is the smallest of the hunting breeds. They come in three sizes, rabbit, miniature and standard. Three coats, wire, long and smooth. They, by contrast have been around 300 years. The Teckel is the working strain of a variety of the Dachshund.

Border Terrier and Teckel on the beating line

The name dachshund is of German origin and literally means "badger dog," from Dachs ("European badger") and Hund ("hound, dog"). The German word is pronounced [ˈdaks.hʊnt]. The pronunciation varies in English: variations of the first and second syllables include /ˈdɑːks-/, /ˈdæks-/ and /-hʊnt/, /-hʊnd/, /-ənd/. It may be mispronounced as /ˈdæʃ-/hound by some English speakers.[6][7] Although "dachshund" is a German word, in modern German they are more commonly known by the short name Dackel or Teckel. [8]

CH Jrasamuyr Campbell Black MFH in the maize

Terriers and Teckels both traditionally hunt above and below ground. Both are excellent at blood tracking. Modern work now is achieved by testing the breeds. Blood tracking, searching for wounded animal, is carried out in tests with blood up to 40 hours old. Both are adept at den work. The Teckel has a history as the badger dog but also excels with fox. The Border Terrier is adept at bolting the fox or holding the fox. The Border Terrier loves to work with badger.

In my experience Terriers and Teckels do not thrive on living in outdoor kennels. In the house, they flourish on reliable human contact, Their performance outdoors merits human contact inside the home.

Border Terriers and the Standard Teckel weigh about the same coming in at 7-10kg. Both the Border Terrier and the Teckel have good drive, speed and style to enter thick bush for flushing, I go out with a licensed club and my dogs are used regularly on the beating line. Border Terriers have a thick double coat which offers good protection in thick bushes. But if the game is wild boar, then I use a kevlar jacket. Wild boar are formidable. Both breeds have good voice and enjoy hunting. They make a great team working together in the undergrowth. Both can push through and go where the larger dogs cannot enter. They are both agile on their legs and can jump logs and other impediments. They have good voices and can carry their lungs quite a distance. Both breeds carry some athleticism. Border Terriers have legs long enough to keep up with a horse, but Teckels although low to the ground have speed and stamina too.
Beating line dogs need to be able to work close to you and have a good recall. They need to be able to work alongside larger dogs, Hounds and varieties of Spaniels. It is imperative that they have an ability to hunt and have a good nose. There is always temptation to run off and chase what ever has been flushed. This can be dangerous.

I go beating with 2 or 3 Border Terriers. I will work one and then change over. My reconnaissance is made up of drawing the teams.  The day maybe made up of 30-35 hunters. There is a team leader in each group. The shooters who sit in the static posts. The teams of beaters and dogs, I am always teamed with Teckels. All beaters and hunters are signed in. At the end of the day you sign yourself back in. The dogs are collared with Garmins. Covid 19 rules currently apply at reconnaissance. No one is dressed like a Harris Tweed advertisement, but in mandatory orange reflective, I wear strong anti-rip clothes as battling in the remains of a maize field is hard work. The dogs are released and we begin. There are no whistles but horns. You need to learn your horns which determine what has been sighted. Also if the hunt has been stopped. We work for the shooters. They are drawn a post and that is where they remain, It is hard work. The dogs love it and it is a great day out with your dogs. I look forward to my beating days and when the dogs see my clothes they know what is in store. After, if there has been some success, a big social takes place. A well equipped facility is provided and we might get to eat the renal sautéed in a sauce. A lot of drinking and chatting takes place about this and that and did you see this and that. Dogs get a treat maybe of a hoof. Deep freezing takes place and everything is ear tagged and  logged in,   

It is encouraging to see Terriers being accepted on the beating line. It is exciting to go off in the woods and not know what you are going to meet. A lot of vocal from the beaters is always encouraged. The dogs run off in delight following a scent and gathering together. Hounds bound along in the bushes but the Terriers and Teckels take a lot to be equalled. Energetic and boundless e with drive and enthusiasm. This is large game and not grouse or pheasant so there are no sightings Labradors. I am out with Hounds and Spaniels. Teckels of various sizes. My home bred Border Terriers have a great winter. Summer is spent in the cool dens digging. Winter out on the beating line. A good way to have a social and stay healthy.

Charmaine A S Khatchikian
Jrasamuyr Border Terriers
Earthdog Jrasamuyr Border Terriers

CH Stonechester Question Von Jrasamuyr MFH contact wild boar

Hunters, teams and team leaders are drawn.

Reconnaissance under Covid19 rules. Kevlar and Garmin.

CH Jrasamuyr Violette Szabo and CH Jrasamuyr Campbell Black take some water and keep warm after a day beating.

A successful weigh in,

Jrasamuyr Border Terriers


Tenacious Border Terrier's and duck retrieval (Photos by Jrasamuyr Borderterriers)

Although terriers do  not have the usual gun dog quality of ear protection, they can actually enjoy, and be trained for duck retrieval.

Essential is a puppy that has not been taken from the litter at 8 weeks. A well socialised puppy that lives with its siblings until minimum 12 weeks, preferably 16 weeks is far more confident. Contrary to some opinions that puppies should leave the litter at 8 weeks to adapt to the new owner, I totally disagree. A mentally stable puppy is one that is well socialised. That comes from being in the litter and playing which includes some starter training on recall. This adaptation and litter training is also the way to see who learns quickly and is going to be a good starter to train. Puppies should be matched to their new home, not picked at lactating stage. This helps “green” new dog owners also.

Terriers are perfect because they are tenacious. Border Terrier's are very specific but will give you the temperament, energy and enthusiasm plus the trainability that you could just be looking for.

Border Terrier's are very friendly dogs and love to fetch things around the house and garden. They do not grip or tug, but usually release everything very gently. From the age 4-6 months they can start to be walked off leash and respond to recall. Even the odd wander off to follow a scent is not a cause for alarm as they will invariably come back on recall.

Terriers have traditionally  been used  in ferreting and some have been trained to work around everything to do with shooting. My dogs are all pistol and gun accredited. This I do at 12-15 months old.

As they are not expected to bring anything back alive it is perfect for Border Terriers. But what is brought back is still able to contribute to the dinner table. Not all dogs will be happy to work on a shoot. Some will be gun shy, They are being used as a gun dog and duck retrieval is enjoyable for them if they accept the gun,
Starter training on recall is first. Positive reinforcement training with treats works and makes it enjoyable. Dummy training on some fur and feather-covered dummies helps and the use of some water.

As terriers have small sized compact bodies it actually makes them ideal for work in brambles and water. Border Terriers have thick double coats and that makes them ideal for work in water. They have boundless energy and enthusiasm and with their size can access places that traditional gun dogs would struggle to enter. This is why I think they are worth training and promoting as a small sized gun dog. Here their small sized ears actually become an advantage as they will not get snagged on brambles and thorns. Any thorns that attach to their bodies seem to be impenetrable and cause little pain.

Working terriers possess the stamina and have the appetite to cover a large area. This makes them an advantage on a shoot. Particularly as they can access wilderness and places that larger dogs cannot penetrate.

Some length of jaw is needed on the Border Terrier so that it can hold. I state this because the otter head is all very well but there is a tendency and obsession to breed a dog with too short a jaw which renders it not fit for function. It is after all essentially a working terrier. It is a breed that is worth considering as a dog for a shoot and it can also happily work around other dogs.

Border Terriers do have big teeth but they can also be very gentle with their mouths. They are good family dogs as well as terrific working terriers. As a breed they are totally underused and should be promoted a working terriers. They are very diverse in their talents and with the right handler can excel.

Charmaine A S Khatchikian - Jrasamuyr Border Terrier

Terrier put to good use- Earthdog Jrasamuyr Border Terriers
“Of a dog called a Terrier; in Latin, Terrarius- creep into the ground, and by that means, make afraid , nip, and bite”(Photos by Jrasamuyr Borderterriers)

All terriers are natural earthdogs. The secret is to bring out the inner terrier in them. Quite happy to be
family dogs, they are also at their most excellent when in a hole in the ground. This can be voluntarily
when out on a walk. Alternatively with some care and skill, this can be achieved in a methodical manner
with some suitable equipment. There is no greater achievement to terrier ownership than to have a dog
enter an earth, to have a dog re-appear covered in soil and tongue hanging out in ecstasy.

The hunting of dogs dates back to about the 14th century and the French coined “la venerie sous terre”.
Johannes Caius, 1510-1573, was an eminent physician to Queen Mary as well as being a zoologist and
academic. Caius records this type of dog. He wrote a study of British dogs and sent them to Gesner who
was compiling Historiae Animalium. Topsell published the work as he was a Church of England Cleric
and indifferent to the catholic attitude. In Europe the Catholic Church categorised dogs as Besties. Gesner
died in 1565 prompting Caius, in 1570, to publish De Canibus Britannicis. His drawings and this
publication were the first of its kind.

The Enclosure Act in Britain led to the rise of hunting across land on horseback. Terrier hunting was a
form of necessity to control fox and also to hunt for food.

Modern day earthdog can be carried out with a few ideas from the past. Such as learning to listen to the
ground, Modern day earthdog has seen rise of the locator. This is popular in the UK but in Europe it is not
used, as ancient methods are still preferred. The hunting of quarry by location of the dog is not preferred.
The quarry is fair game and must be “found”. So a good dog with a set of good lungs is essential. If the
earth is not profound the dog is easily heard from above ground.

Some tools help on this exciting weekend. A tube for listening into the earth is helpful. Some three to five
metres of plastic draining tubing with an aperture of 3-5cm. A lot can be learnt from acquatic search
material. Some techniques in divining also. When searching for water you use the same methods as
finding underground drains and burrows. Magnetic diving bars can also be helpful in locating
underground drains.

Essential are good digging tools. The more you spend on a spade is rewarded. Essential are heavy metal
pole bars about 1.5m in height. Heavy to carry but varied in use. For piercing the ground and listening to
the ground when a dog is underground and baying. Also it picks up the vibration of the ground if there is
movement or a dog is on the move. Additionally placing your ear at the flat side gives you some ground
resonance. In principle they are for piercing the ground and making the first break to start to dig. They are
used commonly in ground fencing and can be picked up easily. The heavier and better quality is

These essentials were around long before the locator. The locator has introduced a new type of terrier
owner, One that has little countryside skills or knowledge. Often a dog is at more risk with a locator.
Some hunting skills are preferred than to spending money on a mandatory collar. I have had some collar
moments. When the battery has floundered and my dog is underground with no signal. But I have not
panicked. Some skills will find the dog and the experienced dog will find their way out. Even given
multiple choices,

Along with digging is the cutting of branches and underground waste. You will come across a lot of trash
that has seeped into the ground. Decayed tin cans. Can be a complete pest. Tree roots are the great fear.
Especially when a dog is wearing a locator. The penalties weigh up equally. Collapsing earth or water is
the death knell. To be avoided and check your ground types before you allow your dog to go digging. A
pair of long secateurs and small hand secateurs are a must. You might want to clear an area before you
start to work your dog. Always putting back what you have moved.

Some varied size earth collecting buckets. Small enough to drop into an earth. Virtually child size. To
larger domestic use sizes. Several for convoy digging and collecting earth.
Some good gloves are also recommended. Leather for earth digging and synthetic touch feel for hand
digging in an earth.

You are about all set. Now you need a dog that will enter an earth. I have had Border Terriers since 1997.
My first Border Terrier came from Jedforest Hunt Kennel. They no longer keep terriers but I have
maintained my link with the hunt. I ride horses also. I start my dogs off at 2 months old with wood dens.
First at 25cm x 25cm. Here the puppies walk through them. Small enough to be walking and not yet
crawling. I then move them onto 20cm x 18cm which then puts them in a crawl. This size represents the
European fox size. But you get all sorts of creatures hanging around in earth dens.

I personally feel that artificial den training is beneficial and a scent can be created from a variety of frozen
carcases and a bit of aniseed added. I would not expect a Border Terrier to be working live dens until 2
years old. That is unless they escape which of course does happen. Anything can happen with a terrier. I
have had sleepless nights or nights spent out searching for my dogs. You have to have some nerve to drop
dogs into earths and it is not for the feint hearted. I actively encourage my dogs to be dogs and to be
working dogs. I enjoy a weekend with my dogs and where it used to be a pastime for the aristocracy with
many hunting clubs, I now get invited to be part of a scene.

For a successful weekend a bit of scouting is necessary. Either yourself or someone directing you to
where there are some potential earths. A farmer might call on your or a land owner. Who knows? There is
a varied world of nature to be explored. Your dog will invite you to a den that is worth digging. Most
dogs have a “know” for a den that is abandoned or a den that has a fresh scent. They will carry their head
high and their nose barometer will do the searching. A good sniff here and there and they will decide
when they are off. A bit of scouting on the outside for tracks might help also or some indicators.

A terrier may enter a den and find the tunnels and take a wander, having a good dig. In that instance you
are waiting above ground and starting to get stressed as there is no barking to indicate where the dog is.
Your dog is exploring. Hopefully re-emerging from another tunnel entrance. They have their own
instincts and enjoy the experience of being underground. The crawl is natural to them and digging is their
favourite pastime.

If the den is active your terrier will go into action with a big loud set of lung pipes. This is what you want.
Not a hard fighting dog. A dog that directs you by voice. This is so rewarding. Even above ground a good
dog will be powerful enough to be heard. If the den is not profound you will be able to locate your dog on
voice. The terrier is capable of moving underground. Either in search or in pursuit. The barking will move
and so will you. When there is a constant bark then you can presume contact has been made. You then
have to interpret the baying and determine at what time you start your dig. This takes a bit of experience
and also in determining the tone and pitch of your dogs' baying. Is it hysterical and ecstasy? Constant or
lapsing into moments of silence? You need fit dog. Constant baying is tiring. Energy is lost in nervous
energy and ecstasy.


SPUR LAUT= scent/voice=German hunting the hare (Photos by Jrasamuyr Borderterriers)

For Dachshunds and Terriers

Italy February 2017
Border Terrier CH Stonchester Question Von Jrasamuyr
1st Terrier Group Spur Laut Mantova Italy Judge Mark Candian
In attendance the Italian Vigile de Cacciatore – the police of hunting


According to the field trials rules, “a proper use of voice” is a highly desirable quality while improper use of voice is considered a faulty action.

The exact wording is as follows:

“4-B Definitions - Desirable Qualities

Proper use of voice is the proclaiming of all finds of scent and announcing all forward progress on the scent line by giving tongue. The Dachshund should keep silent when not in contact with the scent line. Giving tongue on a sight chase is not a fault, but it is also not an indication of proper use of voice. Proper use of voice is a highly desirable trait in the Dachshund, but it should not be allowed to compensate for faulty work in other categories of performance. Judges may, at their discretion, place a silent Dachshund above an open trailer, provided that the silent Dachshund's performance was superior in other respects.

4-C Definitions - Faulty Actions

Babbling is excessive or unnecessary tonguing. The babbler often tongues the same trail over and over, or tongues from excitement when casting in attempting to regain the trail at losses.

Running mute is the failure to give tongue when making progress on the line.

Tightness of mouth is the failure to give sufficient tongue when making progress. This will often be evidenced by the Dachshund

tightening up when pressed or when going away from a check.”

I scented both my dogs before they were released. The trial is run on stalkers and beaters formation.

Hares are not released they are native habitat. The ground was across level farm land that had been manured with pig manure. It was wet and visibility was also not top form.

The competitors were Dachshund, wire and smooth and terriers comprising of my 2 Border Terriers and Jagdterriers- The German Hunting Terrier. A hard breed whereas the Dachshund is the rabbit hunting dog and perfect for this test,

You need voice but not too much voice. The JagD in my opinion were over voiced. I think the judging reflected this as I won the terrier section. My female went off course and was elated to be released and did not follow good scent. My dog went nose down and picked up scent and never stopped working. He attempted to take on drains but I refrained from this as we were in Italy. My female had whelped some months prior and I know this affected her hunting ability. She is an excellent hunter and is already a French Champion Brousaillage in rabbits/lapins. She can work scent but my dog was on a mission.

We stalked morning and afternoon with no change in visibility but change in ground. We took on some really wet and muddy ground that was very difficult to traverse. I had come out of hospital some months prior from major leg surgery and lucky for me I had substantial boots on to support my leg.

I had scented my dogs as the ground was very wet. It rained all day. I took my own rabbit pellets and also a small hunting chair. I had to sit down at intervals on stalking,

It was overall a very successful weekend for me. There were 3 trophies and I was in receipt of one of them.

Spur laut is energetic and requires a lot of field work. The dogs enjoy it and it is good to work in a group. It teaches the dogs to honour the other hunt dogs. Each has their turn. A good recall is essential, I always have a small Tupperware with treats. They are wired after release but the rattle is how I retrieve my dogs. We were in open land and in the distance traffic on dual track farm roads.

To be recommended.

The spur laut was followed by a superb Italian 4 course lunch with the presentation awards.

Charmaine Khatchikian
Jrasamuyr Border Terriers

The use of scenthounds to track prey dates back to Assyrian, Babylonian and Egyptian times and in England, hunting with Agassaei hounds was popular before the Romans.[1] In more modern times, hunting regulation has been encouraged by the animal welfare and animal rights movements out of concern for wildlife management and alleged cruelty

Hunting with hounds was banned in Germany by Adolf Hitler's government in 1934, before which hunting laws varied from state to state. Hounds were used to pursue deer, wild boar, hares and foxes.
Hermann Göring had a passion for shooting game and appointed himself Hunting Master of the Reich (Reichsjaegermeister) soon after the Nazis gained power in 1933. He decided that more order was needed and introduced sweeping legislative changes which were enforced throughout the Reich. The Hunting Law ("Reichsjagdgesetz") of 1934 was closely modelled on the Prussian "Tier- und Pflanzenschutzverordnung" of 16th December 1929.
Hitler's cabinet was told about the hunting regulation at a meeting on July 3, 1934 - the same day that the Fuhrer reported on the ruthless killing of Stormtrooper "conspirators" in the "Night of the Long Knives", according to an official Nazi biography published four years later. Hitler was a self-declared vegetarian and hated hunting
(see Adolf Hitler and vegetarianism).
The ban on hunting with hounds was unpopular with the aristocracy, many of whom hunted with hounds on horseback. Kaiser Wilhelm II (1859-1941), the grandson of Queen Victoria, who was a keen hunter of the wild boar was powerless to stop the changes as he had abdicated and fled the country in 1918. The remaining upper classes were unable to oppose the totalitarian regime. The Nazi-era ban on hunting with hounds was passed and remains in force to this day.
Shooting game remained legal though regulated. The Act included a promise of laws that were designed to give the shooting fraternity a privileged position in the new Reich. The idea was to give every (shooting) hunter his own personal shoot after "the Third Reich's glorious victory over Europe"
German Dachshund Club America quotes

This question is certainly multidimensional and does not have a simple answer. First, let’s address the issue of possible sources of the spurlaut trait. The obvious source would be hunting bloodlines, but this is not the only source. Some dachshunds from American show bloodlines are spurlaut too. Spurlaut is inherited rather simply (it is a dominant trait), especially in comparison to numerous conformation characteristics, which are controlled by polygenes. For breeders whose first priority is type, it might make more sense to breed to spurlaut dogs, which come out of show background. There are not too many of these dogs but they do exist. It is our good fortune that spurlaut crops up occasionally in show lines, but it takes a wise breeder to recognize his/her luck and capitalize on it. I have seen many cases when breeders take their good luck for granted. They lose the trait in the next generation because they do not select for it. Only a well designed, focused breeding program, which incorporates selection for spurlaut will produce spurlaut dogs consistently, generation after generation.

Outcrossing to hunting bloodlines selected for many generations for hunting qualities, which include voicing ability, may produce faster results when it comes to spurlaut, but of course, a hunting dog is going to pass much more than just the spurlaut trait to his offspring. Some traits might not be desired by a breeder whose first priority is conformation.




               Team Jrasamuyr Border Terriers – Pentathlon Czech Republic June 2016 (Photos by Jrasamuyr Borderterriers)
All terriers are earthdogs. Border Terriers evolved at the Cleugh, Jedburgh. The breed developed its skills in combat with the Redesdale’s foxes. They owe their history to John Robson of Kielder and John Dodd of Catcleugh. They became Masters of the newly named Border Foxhounds in 1857. The breed’s debut was at the Bellingham Show in the 1870’s. The Kennel Club recognised the breed in 1913.
My first Border Terrier, 1997, came from Jedforest Hunt. They no longer use Border Terriers. It is difficult now to find a hunt to take a terrier to work for its Working Certificate. He was a true Border Terrier. A northerner and spent his 16 ¾ years with horses and always riding with me and working in the barn as a vermin dog.
I got a Border Terrier because I have horses and they live as they were developed. Before 100% of the Border Terriers were workers. Now you would struggle to find a percentage that work. I am an exception. I keep the breed in exactly the manner they were bred. With horses and working on the yard everyday. This is not practical in the 21st century for the average person. The alternative has been to use the artificial terrier dens in France, Italy and the Czech Republic.
I took two new puppies in 2014, Bishop Auckland, from a working gun kennel. When they were 12 months old I started them on tunnels. All terriers are earthdogs but you have to bring out the inner terrier. Same as a gun dog has to be trained. So I started working my terriers. From 10 weeks old they were running with horses so they developed their own skill to get out of the way of a larger animal. But this gave them the confidence to later work around wild boar, foxes and smaller animals such as rabbits. I built my own mock up tunnels from hay bales and developed their fore arms by climbing up round hay bales. They were used to chasing and had already developed a “good voice”. This is what they need. They have to bey the fox out of the den. Not kill the fox.
Their first competition was in Italy. I prefer the runs in Italy as they are longer, 95m and have gradients that represent the natural den. Also the dens in Italy vary as some are below ground and some are above ground. Either way they are 18cm x 20cm and give the dogs a good crawl. In Italy the fox, volpe, is not in contact and gates are used. The dogs enter the den and at the first metre meet the fox who is contained by 2 gates. They have to demonstrate a “good voice” and this lasts for about 5 minutes. The test is 20 minutes contained in a dark long den! The fox is then released to the next holding. The dog has to work the gate and demonstrate the ability to hold the fox as if in a natural den. This is the way to train a dog. I would never release a dog straight into a natural den without prior work with fox dens. This continues for 95m and the runs have up and down gradients which the dog has to negotiate in a crawl. There are flags so you know when the dog has passed to the next holding box. In Italy the dog also runs the piste empty and on scent. This is known as “tana vuota”. The dog has to use its nose to find the fox which is contained in a metal holding box at 95m and in addition scent helps the dog to take the correct bivou as there is a trick, left or right. If successful then you can work the den with the gated fox.
In France, my dogs work in contact with a fox, renards, as they graduated to this test. They start off no contact and win their place out of that to contact. The run is shorter and to me not as interesting. The best runs are the Tekkel Bassoti Dachund runs. In France there is one gate and then the fox is released. It is up to the dog to push the fox into the holding box at the end of the run. They must bey the fox into the holding box and stay there for 20 mins. The use of “good voice” is what they are marked on. My male dog has the ability to jump over the fox and push the fox to the start where there is also a holding box. It does not matter which end you finish. My female is very good at holding the fox with her voice. She was a few months behind in ability on my male dog but now she has over taken him. She proved this in the Pentathlon Czech Republic.
I work my dogs in false dens in Italy, France and the Czech Republic. I am a member of most European Terrier Clubs. I also speak good Italian and French, this helps.
I got invited to compete with the Czech Border Terrier Club in Bohemia for a Pentathlon. I was the only foreign competitor. I entered both of my dogs. My dogs are pistol gun credited in France and Italy. They were unprepared for 12 bore shot gun.
I have worked my dogs on test in wild boar in Italy. Contained park with 4 boar. I have worked my dogs on my own land in Italy. I have 9 hectares in the Parc Alto Garda, Lake Garda, Lombardy. Here they run free the wild boar, cinghiale. In France I have introduced my dogs to wild boar, sanglier, on the mountain in Rhone Alpes, on foot with Artois hunting hounds.
I prepared them as best for gun dog retrieval of duck. The Pentathlon was a combination of hunting with scent, fox den and hunting obedience. It was hard work but my female, Lottie, INT CH Italy/Slovenia/Croatia/RSM Stonechester Apostraphe Von Jrasamuyr  CH ART renards CH TNAt lapins, finished 3rd. This was a big achievement as my dogs are not gun trained.
Test 1 scent retrieval of wild boar. Dog released and has to find quarry and bey. To attract the hunter. Lottie went into the lead doubling her points on ability of “good voice”
Test 2 hunting obedience where dog on 8m hunt leash. No voice or hand contact and have to weave in and out of forest with dog at heel. Very difficult. Both scored well,
Test 3 hunting obedience where dog in attached to tree on 8m leash and must not move. After 5 mins the 12 bore shot gun is fired. Dog must not move. Very difficult.
Test 4 mallard retrieval after jettison into lake. After a detour Lottie retrieved the duck from the 12 bore shot gun fire into the lake. She had not been prepared for this. I was astonished and very proud. It is difficult to prepare for this. I had float ducks but not the same as gun fire. She was amazing and managed to grab the foot of the mallard and drag it to the lake shore to me. I was so happy!
Test 5 fox den with no contact and run at speed. Both dogs are familiar with this. The den to me looked 16cm x 18cm slightly smaller than France and Italy. No contact.

It took me one week to recover from the Pentathlon. It was run with military precision and the Czech’s really use their Border Terriers. In the UK most never get off the sofa. We are investing in a Dokken mallard to work on retrieval.

If you are interested in earthdog please do not hesitate to contact me. Email
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Slovakia Hunting Tests with fox (Photos by Jrasamuyr Borderterriers)

"Terriers should be off the judge’s table and into the ground."

CACIT tests are only available in Slovakia, Russia and Lithuania. They are very strict hunting tests with fox. A vet is present and dogs are vet checked and documented. Patterdales are permitted even though they do not carry pedigree papers.

The coveted CACIT is awarded by the FCI and if you gain two you are entitled to become an International Working Champion same as a CIB under FCI. From this it is possible in some CACIB shows to enter the working class. In Europe there are working classes in most national championship shows where CAC or CC are awarded. CACIB shows are international and the CACIT is valid. You need a Working Certificate issued by the cinofile association of that country. I have Working Certificates on my dogs issued by the French SCC and it is valid at national shows only. In Italy although my dogs are working champions, they are foreign dogs, and ENCI does not permit me to enter working class.

Otherwise in the UK, unless you have hunt contacts, and can work with a terrier man and gain a Certificate of Gameness from a breed club such as one of the 5  Border Terrier clubs, it is impossible. But this might only entitle you to enter working at the breed club that issued your certificate and not at another breed club show. They are not transferable. Pity and it really does nothing for the terrier breeds.

In the USA in the 1950s to be a champion a terrier had to have a certificate of gameness. I advocate this. I am tired of show ring terriers. They are earthdogs. They have lost their ability to hunt and be a dog.

So I pursue all disciplines that I can train my dogs in. Foxes are natural to Border Terriers and I use frozen fox to train my dogs.
CACIT tests are coveted and are by invitation. They are not publicised and unless you are known as a dedicated person you might have to wait a while to be invited.

In Slovakia the Slovakia Terrier Club and the Slovakian Hunting Association run these tests. They are very popular and a great spectator sport. For the old and young. Many pensioners and ladies hunt their dogs and these people compete at the CACIT test hunt trials.

I took my dogs to the Slovakia Terrier Club CACIT tests. I worked 3 dogs. My young female came into season so the vet pulled her out.
The piste is a “U” shape and 24 metres in length. It is 18cm x 20cm which represent the natural earth. The liners are concrete and there are gates which are removed.  There are gradients and some obstacles. In nature you would have stones and tree roots to negotiate.

In Slovakia they are set up in theatre form as it is a great spectator sport. The terrier and tekkel is much respected and people come to watch the dogs work. In Eastern Europe of old, hunting is still a huge part of the way of life. It is highly respected and is part of the natural eco system of man and animals in nature. It is encouraged and controls the balance of animals in nature. It is a way of life that is exposed to school children as part of nature. It is not uncommon to see babies being buggied around at CACIT hunting tests.

The draw positions are vital as pole position can mean a hard fox or a soft fox. They are changed at every dog and some 40 foxes may be dug out of the ground to be used at a test day.

I drew 11, 13 and 55 out of 67 starters. My first dog had a very hard fox. My female had a very combative fox. My young dog had a good fox and he worked very well at his first time in contact with live fox. He has only worked gated fox prior. The adults work fox.

The dogs are given 10 minutes to work the fox. The test may be over in seconds or the dog may hold the fox. There are 3 ways. Contact. Holding the fox or bolting the fox. Depends on the fox and how the dog works. The area is caged so if the dog bolts the fox then the fox is caught. Marking the dogs is in 3 phases also. Group 1, 2, 3 depending on how they work. Some dogs do not even bay at the fox they just go straight to the contact. Others may bay and mine will bay for up to 8 minutes. This would be the point the terrier man would locate the dog and the fox for bolting. My female likes to work and she worked well at challenging.

Dogs need to be fit and have a good set of lungs. Baying is usually in order and quite important in the marking table. A good set of haunches is vital for pushing up the den at the crawl. The dog needs to be able to go backward also. If a dog jumps the fox in the holding box then the dog can bolt the fox. My male will do this. This is where the shoulder is very important as the dog has to pull itself up the den in the crawl. Despite being big my dogs have no trouble at speed crawling up the dens. I shudder when I see critique of difficult to span. Border’s are very flexible with a good length of rib and loin to turn in dens and crawl. Rib spanning is great but 99.9% of Borders, JRT, PRT never see a den or a fox or a horse. Big pelts help them slide around also.

This is a great sport and one way to get your dog fit and prepare for the field. I use these trials for training. I am fortunate to be able to travel and I speak languages. I travel to where ever it takes to work my dogs. It is important that the dogs are allowed to be dogs and not anthropomorphised. I believe that terriers should be off the judge’s table and into the ground.
I work my dogs above and below ground. Brush hunting is a good way to start. Some dogs do not like working in the dark. It is folly for people to think they want to hunt their dog and let it go into the ground without training. Believe me they will just stand there and think you go in first! You have to prepare your dog. There are always some eliminations. A dog may over excite itself. You have to know your dog and know when it is ready to work for you. If you were show jumping you would jump a horse at home at 2 metres 25cm and go into the ring only to jump 2 metres. This earthdog testing is a great way to start your dog off. CACIT tests are not the way to start earthdog as this is contact. In the rest of Europe there is gated no contact earthdog tests. m

The next tests are in Slovakia with the Hunting Association in July. It is for terriers and tekkels. 170 start.
Charmaine Khatchikian
Jrasamuyr Border Terriers


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